| Biography | Obituary | Sir Errol Knox - A Tribute | A Daughters Memory
THE ARGUS – Melbourne
MR. ERROL G. KNOX, MBE
The Directors of The
Argus and Australasian Limited have pleasure in announcing the appointment
of Mr. Errol G. Knox, M.B.E., as Managing Editor. They have been fortunate
in securing the release of Mr. Knox from the “Sydney Morning
Herald,” with which he has been associated in an administrative
capacity for some time, and he will take up his new duties almost
With the appointment of Mr.
Knox as the chief executive position the company makes a further
forward move in its progressive plan.
Few men in Australia have had such a wide and varied
experience of all branches of newspaper work as Mr. Knox. He has
been a working journalist, has studied the business and mechanical
sides of the industry, has had practical experience of advertising
activities, and, most important of all, has been managing editor
of a large metropolitan paper, which he converted from a heavily
losing proposition to a progressive and dividend-paying organization.
Though Mr. Knox set out in life with the idea of
becoming a barrister, he early disclosed a flair for journalism,
and at the age of 20 years abandoned his law course at the Sydney
University and joined the literary staff of the “Sunday Times,”
then a flourishing Sunday paper in Sydney. Within two years he had
been appointed chief sub-editor of that journal and of the “Referee.”
Being ambitious and realizing the importance of a solid ground work,
Mr. Knox in 1913 went to America, where he was fortunate in being
able to link up with the Hearst circuit, thus obtaining valuable
experience of many phases of newspaper work.
He had been there only for a year, however, when war broke out, and
he returned to Australia where, after reorganizing the “Sunday
Times” and the “Referee” in the light of the knowledge
he had gained in America, he joined the A.I.F. He served until the
end of hostilities, was twice mentioned in despatches, and was awarded
the M.B.E. in 1918. As a member of the Flying Corps, to which he had
transferred from the infantry, Mr. Knox carried out useful organizing
work at the front, and was appointed S.O.2, equivalent to G.S.O.2
in ground troops, with the rank of major.
When the war ended he was with
the Headquarters Brigade of the Royal Air Force, and was the only
member of the A.I.F. holding a general operations staff appointment
with that arm. He was responsible for the details of organization
for the “March to the Rhine” of the only Air Force Brigade
to reach Cologne.
Returning to Australia,
Mr. Knox was appointed chief sub-editor of “Smith’s
Weekly” in February, 1920, subsequently being promoted to
the position of managing editor, involving complete control of the
business, editorial and mechanical departments. After successfully
accomplishing the task of reorganization, Mr. Knox transferred to
the “Sydney Daily Telegraph” as news editor, but shortly
afterwards accepted the position of managing editor of the “Evening
News,” then regarded as a dying paper.
Circulation of the “Evening News” had
dropped to only 30,000 copies per day, while the dividend had been
passed and the financial structure weakened. Despite these handicaps,
and others which had previously been regarded as insuperable, Mr.
Knox instituted such successful measures that in 1922, the company
was able to pay a final dividend of 7 per cent, and subsequently
distributions were increased to 8 per cent, and reserves steadily
accumulated. After some years the managing editor toured the world
and derived much valuable information from his investigation of
newspaper methods in America, England, France, Germany, and Switzerland.
On his return to Australia the progress of the “Evening News”
continued, and in 1928 the dividend rate, after having been maintained
for some years at 8 per cent, was raised to 10 per cent, whilst
circulation had grown from 30,000 to 125,000 copies a day.
In 1929, however, a merger took place between the
interests controlling the “Sydney Sun” and the “Evening
News,” resulting in the formation of Associated Newspapers
Limited, to which the control of both journals was transferred.
Mr. Knox continued with the “Evening News,” and occupied
a seat on the board of directors of Associated Newspapers Limited.
This connection was voluntarily terminated by Mr. Knox in 1931, and he
then conducted business on his own account. Among other things, he undertook
the whole of the work of organization and publication of “Who’s
Who in Australia,” later producing “Newspaper News”
on behalf of the Yaffa organization. Another interesting achievement was
the inauguration of a “Medical Directory of Australia.”
As previously indicated, Mr. Knox has recently been connected
with the administrative side of the “Sydney Morning Herald,”
being associated with important phases of the advertising organization.
Born in 1889, Mr. Knox in 1919 married Miss Gertrude Mary
Coore, a daughter of a former Director of Education in London. They have
one son and two daughters.
A man of impressive personality, wide and varied experience,
and broad Australian outlook, Mr. Knox should prove a valuable asset to
“The Argus,” and the directors confidently anticipate considerable
development under his control.
With the appointment of Mr. Knox, the reorganization plans of “The
Argus” are now complete as regards personnel. The chief executives
of the company are Mr. Errol G. Knox, managing editor, and Mr. A. H. Chisholm,
The ARGUS, Melbourne, Australia
A large crowd of Melbourne’s most prominent citizens attended
the pontifical Requiem Mass
at St. Patrick’s Cathedral yesterday morning for the late Sir Errol
The Mass was celebrated by Archbishop J. D. Simonds, and Archbishop Mannix
Leaving the Cathedral, the funeral cortege proceeded down Lonsdale St.
It paused for a minute in front of The Argus building on the way to Woodend.
Members of The Argus staff who were on duty lined the footpath
in Elizabeth St.
The chief mourners were Lady Knox and her two daughters,
Mrs. Henry Steel and Miss Pamela Knox.
Among those at the service were: Mr. Hollway, Premier,
and Mr. W. J. Jungwirth, representing the State Government; Mr. S. Elliott,
managing director of The Argus, and Messrs J. B. Aitken, A. Sowers, and
R. F. Sanderson, directors; Mr. Martin Wang and Mrs. Wang, Consul for
China; Sir Robert Knox, and Miss Gertrude Johnson, representing the National
Theatre Movement; Sir Harold Clapp, Professor A. R. Chisholm, Mr. L. B.
Fanning, chairman ABC Control Board; Mr. Alistair Mackinnon, Sir Iven
Mackay, Sir Angus Gillan, representing the British Council; Mr. J. W.
Brophy, collector of Customs; Lieut-General C. A. Clowes, Lieut-Colonel
G. M. Robinson, representing Brig R. G. H. Irving; Mr. R. T. M. Pescott
and Mr. E. N. Dewar, representing the National Museum; Sir Sydney Snow,
Sir Gordon Snow, Mr. A. Watkin-Wynne, representing Mr. R. A. G. Henderson,
chairman Australian Newspaper Proprietors’ Association; Mr. John
Atkins and Mr. A. R. L. Wiltshire, Bank of Australasia; Mr. H. D. Giddy
and Mr. G. B. McIndoe, Australian Newsprint Mills; Mr. F. J. Gorden, the
Universe Express; Mr. H. H. Cox, representing Sir John Butters; and Mr.
P. B. Hellstrom, representing the staff of Associated Newspapers, Sydney;
Sir Keith Murdoch and Mr. G. W. Caro, directors the Herald and Weekly
Times Ltd; Mr. Hugh Syme, director David Syme and Co Ltd; Mr. Eugene Gorman,
KC, and Mr. L. Rigg, Truth and Sportsman Ltd; and Messrs J. E. Binney,
B. G. Wilson, H. Dial, and G. H. Thompson, representing the Hanging Rock
Racing Club, of which Sir Errol Knox was president.
The two cars of floral tributes included wreaths from officers
and comrades of the 3rd Squadron, Australian Flying Corps, Sir Edmund
and Lady Herring, several racing clubs, the directors and management of
newspapers throughout the Commonwealth, the Daily Mirror, London; the
Sunday Pictorial, London; the Australian Newspaper Council, the Australian
Journalists’ Association, Mr. R. G. Casey, president, and members
of the Australia-America Association; and all branches of the staff of
The Argus and Australasian Limited.
At the Woodend Cemetery the pallbearers were Dr. M. Velik and Messrs J.
E. Binney, J. B. Aitken, F. W. Lennox, Hugh Syme, A. Watkin-Wynne, J.
Dewar, J. Peterson, E. J. K. Thompson, and John O’Neill.
The service at the graveside was conducted by the Rev.
J. J. O’Brien.
The funeral arrangements were in the hands of Tobin Bros.
Errol Knox 1940 |
Errol Knox |
Errol Knox with Peter
Peter, Errol & Titia
Ivy, Errol & Joseph
Errol & Gertrude Knox
Home Ladye Place
Errol Knox December 1, 1941
Elizabeth Knox nee Drew
wife of Joseph Knox
Mother of Errol Knox
Peter and Pam Knox with dog
Errol Knox with wife "Bunnie" daughter Titia and nephew Alan
Fearby father of Tom and Janet Fearby.
wife of Joseph Knox
Ivy Jasmine Gwendoline Knox
Errol Aubrey Galbraith Knox
Joseph Milton Hosking Knox
Peter and Titia Knox on "Banchi"
at Ladye Place Woodend.
Pam on foot.
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